dimecres, 21 d’octubre de 2009

Es lloguen ordinadors per fer el "PIRATA"

Attaques en DDoS : Location de botnets "low-cost"

Le marché noir du crime informatique fait dans le "low-cost" : Comme indiqué dans l'article de CSOOnline.com intitulé "With Botnets Everywhere, DDoS Attacks Get Cheaper", les prix de location d'un réseau de machines zombies est en chute libre.

Selon des informations collectées depuis des forums et sites privés, les prix de location d'un botnet auraient subis une baisse de prix assez conséquente : De quelques centaines de dollars pour une journée d'utilisation, il serait désormais possible de louer un botnet pour 100$ ou même entre 30$ et 40$ USD.

Plusieurs raisons sont évoquées pour expliquer ce phénomène

    * L'offre est plus importante que la demande.
    * Il s'agit de service de piètre qualité : Limitation dans les débits d'attaque, variété restreinte des attaques possibles, plages horaires d'utilisation limitées, etc...
    * Ou tout simplement il s'agit d'arnaques pures et simples...

Pour certains, avoir la possibilité de louer un réseau de 20.000 machines réparties sur Internet afin de lancer des attaques, peut sembler relever du pur fantasme d'un esprit torturé. Non c'est une réalité.

IDG News Service

Cyber-crime just doesn't pay like it used to.
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By Robert McMillan

Cyber-crime just doesn't pay like it used to.

Security researchers say the cost of criminal services such as distributed denial of service, or DDoS, attacks has dropped in recent months. The reason? Market economics. "The barriers to entry in that marketplace are so low you have people basically flooding the market," said Jose Nazario, a security researcher with Arbor Networks. "The way you differentiate yourself is on price."

Criminals have gotten better at hacking into unsuspecting computers and linking them together into so-called botnet networks, which can then be centrally controlled. Botnets are used to send spam, steal passwords, and sometimes to launch DDoS attacks, which flood victims' servers with unwanted information. Often these networks are rented out as a kind of criminal software-as-a-service to third parties, who are typically recruited in online discussion boards.

DDoS attacks have been used to censor critics, take down rivals, wipe out online competitors and even extort money from legitimate businesses. Earlier this year a highly publicized DDoS attack targeted U.S. and South Korean servers, knocking a number of Web sites offline.

Are botnet operators having to cut costs like other businesses in these troubled economic times? Security researchers don't know if that's been a factor, but they do say that the supply of infected machines has been growing. In 2008, Symantec's Internet sensors counted an average of 75,158 active bot-infected computers per day, a 31 percent jump from the previous year.

DDoS attacks may have cost hundreds or even thousands of dollars per day a few years ago, but in recent months researchers have seen them going for bargain-basement prices.

Nazario has seen DDoS attacks offered in the US$100-per-day range, but according to SecureWorks Security Researcher Kevin Stevens, prices have dropped to $30 to $50 on some Russian forums.

And DDoS attacks aren't the only thing getting cheaper. Stevens says the cost of stolen credit card numbers and other kinds of identity information has dropped too. "Prices are dropping on almost everything," he said.

While $100 per day might cover a garden-variety 100MB/second to 400MB/second attack, it might also procure something much weaker, depending on the seller. "There's a lot of crap out there where you don't really know what you're getting," said Zulfikar Ramzan, a technical director with Symantec Security Response. "Even though we are seeing some lower prices, it doesn't mean that you're going to get the same quality of goods."

In general, prices for access to botnet computers have dropped dramatically since 2007, he said. But with the influx of generic and often untrustworthy services, players at the high end can now charge more, Ramzan said.

Copyright 2009 IDG News Service, International Data Group Inc. All rights reserved.